Numerous factors can affect soil health, which can also influence the well-being of the plants you grow from there. For instance, severe conditions like drought can impact soil health as much as heavy rains do. When there is a lack of water and moisture, it can change the biological, chemical, and physical makeup of the soil, as well.
What else should you learn about drought, and what can you do to help avoid it harming your soil?
What Are the Effects of Drought on Soil Health?
1) The Crops Will Lack Microbial Activities
Water is an essential element for soil health, as it helps the nutrients travel up and into the plant. Without it, the moisture in the soil will be lacking and, in turn, will limit the microbial activity in the environment. These microbes and organisms are essential for biomass and grain production, so losing this key component changes your soil ecosystem drastically.
2) The Drought Will Affect Nutrient Processing
When soil moisture decreases, the decomposition of the organic matter in the soil gets messed up. With that, they increase the production of carbon dioxide and nitrate minerals in the soil system—all of which influence the entire ecosystem.
The problem with the drought is even though these nutrients exist in the soil, without enough water, they will just stay there, and they won’t be absorbed by the plant. With this simple shift in the nutrient levels, all the biological and chemical processes essential for plants will also be harmed.
What Can You Do to Limit the Effects of Drought?
1) Utilize Crop Residue
Crop residue gives the soil extra moisture and improves soil infiltration. Not only that, but crop residue also moderates the soil temperature since it can serve as an insulator and reflect the sun radiation instead of absorbing it.
With these effects, crop residue can improve biological processes in the soil by slowing down mineralization and increasing storage water capacity.
2) Use Cover Crops
Cover crops also offer benefits to the soil, not only during the drought but throughout all seasons, where they provide better physical and biological conditions for the soil.
According to numerous studies, cover crops recharge the soil profile by increasing its porosity and enhancing its stability. Cover crops also filter water to improve the health of the plant. Lastly, cover crops are also linked to increasing the amount of organic matter in the soil, which will be healthy for the ecosystem!
3) Use RezFree®
Aside from changing the way you plant crops, you can also help improve your soil by using biotechnology products like RezFree®. RezFree® is a solution created using organic matter, amino acids, bacterial enzymes, and oligosaccharides.
RezFree® offers various benefits and support for the soil, particularly in saving water by 40 percent and increasing the plant’s endurance to abiotic conditions like drought. Though it is not technically a nutrient source, it offers a substantial benefit to improve a plant’s defence system, growth rate, nutrient uptake, and strength against pesticides.
The Bottom Line
Improving the conditions of your crops starts with improving the conditions of the soil. You can begin by applying these practices, and you will see great results in the long run. Through these practices, the soil resiliency is improved, and you can limit the prolonged impact of problems like drought.
If you want to learn more about biotechnology products like RezFree®, you should check out the solutions offered at AgroBiome. Learn more about our products by reaching out to us today!